On March 20, 2003, a collation force led by the United States of America attacked Iraq, based on the belief that Iraq possessed and was actively developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD); these weapons possessed threats to the U.S., U.S.'s interests and its allies. Another war rational was Saddam Hussein's alleged collaboration with the Al-Qaeda terrorist group, who were September-11-tragedy mastermind. As the war moves on, humanitarian crisis has become more and more imminent. The purpose of this article is to unveil the humanitarian failures of this Iraq War.
Whether it is a successful one or not, Iraq War does result in imminent humanitarian failures, evidenced by different sources; Amnesty International, international media, international and regional organizations, U.S. government itself, as well as individuals. These humanitarian failures were initiated from the very outset of the war and have protracted until today.
U.S. General Tommy Franks reportedly estimated soon after the invasion that there had been 30,000 Iraqi casualties as of April 9, 2003. From the beginning of 2006, we have seen sectarian violation and endless anti-coalition attacks, explosion on the mosque, more than one hundred dead bodies with bullet holes were found on February 23, and at least 165 people are thought to have been killed. In the aftermath of this attack the US military calculated that the average homicide rate in Baghdad tripled from 11 to 33 deaths per day. Resulting from these plights, The United Nations has since described the environment in Iraq as a "civil war-like situation." Iraq was listed fourth on the 2006 Failed States Index compiled by the American Foreign Policy magazine and the Fund for Peace think-tank.
A 2006 study by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has estimated that more than 601,000 Iraqis have died in violence since the U.S. invasion and that fewer than one third of these deaths came at the hands of Coalition forces. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Iraqi government estimate that more than 365,000 Iraqis have been displaced since the bombing of the al-Askari Mosque, bringing the total number of Iraqi refugees to more than 1.6 million. On November 23, the deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war occurred. Suspected Sunni-Arab militants used five suicide car bombs and two mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum to kill at least 215 people and wound 257.
A March 2007 survey of more than 2,000 Iraqis commissioned by the BBC and three other news organizations found that 51% of the population consider attacks on coalition forces "acceptable," up from 17% in 2004 and 35% in 2006. Also:
64% described their family's economic situation as being somewhat or very bad, up from 30% in 2005;
88% described the availability of electricity as being either somewhat or very bad, up from 65% in 2004;
69% described the availability of clean water as somewhat or very bad, up from 48% in 2004;
88% described the availability of fuel for cooking and driving as being somewhat or very bad;
58% described reconstruction efforts in the area in which they live as either somewhat or very ineffective, and 9% described them as being totally nonexistent.
In a report entitled "Civilians without Protection: The Ever-Worsening Humanitarian Crisis in Iraq", produced well after the stepped-up American-led military operations in Baghdad began February 14, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement said that millions of Iraqis are in a disastrous situation that is getting worse, with medical professionals fleeing the country after their colleagues were killed or abducted. Moreover, refugee and internally displaced crisis are not yet calculated.
In short and precise, Iraq War initiated by U.S. force, has made Iraq one of the most stigmatized countries of the world.
President George W. Bush and his allies really underestimate human rights / humanitarian issues before, during and after the War. And his Iraq War strategists have shown failures in estimating and combatting counter-attacks, which have resulted in Iraqi civilian victimizations, as well as entire deteriorations to the entire Iraq's socio-economy.
I, hereby, shall propose an addendum on " humanitarian accountabilities for war initiator" to our current War Law being in force.